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Procedural Modeling of Architectural Heritage

Topic Description

Procedural models can be used to encode design and construction principles of a particular building type, design style or cultural era. Relatively little attention has been given to adapt procedural grammar systems to the formal requirements of architecture. This leads to the problem that inherent architectural properties of a model, like the space use, circulation paths, lighting concepts etc., are not reflected in the procedural model and can therefore not be taken into account or influenced when documenting existing architecture or deriving new buildings.Starting with a survey of existing structures (with 3D scanning or photogrammetry), a gen- eralized space model shall be derived from the surveyed data. The next step will be the development of architectural analysis methods that can be applied to the space model

(e.g., circulation paths, areas devoted to specific space use, lighting concepts, proportional analysis of spatial zones, proportional analysis of building parts). These methods then need to be formalized so they can be integrated into a procedural modeling system. Applying the system to model a number of representative buildings will allow a comparative analysis, so that similarities and variations can be identified, which allows deriving plausible design and construction parameters.

Qualification Profile

Architecture, Computer Science, Archaeology, Building Research, Surveying, 3D Modeling, Scripting

Supervisor

This topic is supervised by a team of 3 supervisors. Lead supervisor is Peter Ferschin (Institute of Architectural Sciences). Additional supervisors are Michael Wimmer (Institute of Computer Graphics and Algorithms) and Monika Di Angelo (Institute of Computer Aided Automation ).